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A multi-sectoral resource planning platform for South Africa's estuaries
Expanded Title:The Oceans (Blue) Economy initiative is certainly posing further demand on coastal and estuarine space and resources. On the other hand, the increased commitment to biodiversity conservation means serious multi-user conflicts emerged within these environments. In South Africa, estuarine resource management still has a strong single sector focus (e.g. fisheries, conservation, water and waste, marine aquaculture). As a result, the use of natural resources (i.e. water, land and estuarine biodiversity) are planned and managed by different authorities through sector-specific statutory systems or mandates. The desired outcome can be achieved when single sector management approaches, are embedded in broader, multi-sector strategic resource planning processes. This is because resource use within one sector impacts on those of another. Also improved coordination of sector-based resource management plans will enhance optimal use of limited natural resources, and address potential conflicts. The spatial planning process has proven to be a practical, rational tool to facilitate multi-sector resource planning (as has been applied for decades in terrestrial land-use planning). This process requires the physical demarcation of multiple uses in environmental spaces, and in doing so provides a platform to acknowledge potential conflicts and, to negotiate biophysical, social and economic objectives across sectors. In light of the above, the focus of this study was to address multi-sector strategic resources planning in South African estuaries. Specifically the aim was to: • Develop a science-based strategic, spatial planning platform to inform multi-sector strategic resource planning for South Africa’s estuaries, including the following key tasks: - Collecting/or collating data and information and standardizing the formats (e.g. using geo-referenced spatial formats) suitable for multi-sector strategic resource planning processes. - Designing a spatial planning platform (using ArcGIS) to enable intuitive (visual) interpretation and analysis of data and information to inform strategic resource planning. • Demonstrate (through workshops) the application and value of this platform in multi-sector estuarine resource. • Propose an appropriate governing system (management framework and institutional arrangements) for multi-sector strategic resource utilisation planning of South Africa’s estuaries considering international best practice, as well as national legislation, protocols, programmes and guidelines linked that may be relevant. Important to note is that in the context of this study “strategic” is used as opposed to “individual”. Where “individual” resource planning deals with negotiation of the allocation or utilisation within an individual estuary, “strategic” resource planning refers to the negotiation of broader resource allocation or utilisation across a selection of estuaries, for example a selection of estuaries within a municipal area, or a Water Management Area (WMA), a province, and even at a national scale. The estuary spatial planning platform (covering entire estuarine coastline) was developed using a geodatabase and spatial software that is ArcGIS Geodatabase and ArcGIS Pro because one of its key features is that it can be shared online and is thus available and accessible to large audiences.
Date Published:01/05/2018
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Water Resource Management/IWRM - Planning and development, Ecosystem - Invertebrates
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Technical
WRC Report No:TT 748/18
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0971-2
Authors:Van Niekerk L; Taljaard S; Ramjukadh C-L; Adams JB; Lamberth SJ; Weerts S; Petersen C; Audouin M; Maherry A
Project No:K5/2464
Document Size:3 507 KB
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