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Practising Adaptive IWRM (Integrated Water Resources Management) in South Africa
Expanded Title:Amongst the main objectives of the study was: To develop a set of guiding principles for the practice of Adaptive IWRM in South Africa. To undertake relevant research in three place-based case study areas in respect of each case focus area: (1) household water security; (2) using the Green Drop Programme to address eutrophication and microbial pollution, and (3) water resource protection. To produce a set of practical handbooks for “new paradigm” or Adaptive IWRM practice and tested with participants. The objectives were met through action research implemented or piloted by a highly multidisciplinary team of experts, society and local government officials, including the forums. The case studies were spread across the country, Makana LM, (inclusive of Grahamstown), Bushbuckridge and Crocodile WMA. The philosophy of Critical Realism is a useful reference as it encompasses knowledge of causal relationships beyond the empiricism of the scientific method. The Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) and the concept of expansive learning allow for the investigation of relationality and social learning which is essential in understanding social mechanisms in a Complex Social Ecological Systems. The conscious development of integrating skills, reflection and collaborative initiatives were planned to mediate co-learning and knowledge sharing. The intention was to increase mutual learning, shifting power relations, improved decision making and improved mandate delivery in the practical Adaptive IWRM domains. The “fishbone” model proved to be valuable and effective in guiding the research. The Makana case study (No.1) has accelerated local water institutional development with the establishment of the first South African Water, Sanitation and Catchment Management Forum. The combined forum is actively co-hosted by the local Municipality and the DWS. The forum, called the “Makana Water Forum” by participants, is actively developing a local catchment management strategy (CMS) for the Upper Kowie River Catchment, to contribute to the overall CMS of the Mzimvubu-Tsitsikamma proto-CMA (MT-CMA). The Inkomati-Usuthu Catchment Management Agency (IUCMA) made case study 2 part of their business plan for Water Quality, in the process of operationalising their Catchment Management Strategy. The IUCMA practices Strategic Adaptive Management (SAM), and is arguably the best-functioning CMA in South Africa. The water quality-quantity model WQSAM, applied during the TPNP project for the first time, has been installed at the IUCMA, personnel were trained, and implementation is expected in 2018. This case study research made strategic input into the 2017 DWS Water Quality Policy and Strategy, finding traction at the highest levels of the Department and can make serious input into the next National Water Resource Strategy. Adaptive IWRM guiding principles for IWR were developed in response to current practices that are not proving to be helpful. Lastly, the Nine user-friendly Adaptive IWRM: “How to….” handbooks have been produced. They have been tested with potential users and will be used extensively by civil society, staff and stakeholders in catchment management forums and agencies (CMFs and CMAs) and by local municipalities. More than eight students ranging from Masters to PhD’s benefitted from this project.
Date Published:01/07/2018
Document Type:Research Report
Document Subjects:Water Resource Management/IWRM - Planning and development, Water Resource Management/IWRM - Catchment Management
Document Format:Report
Document File Type:pdf
Research Report Type:Standard
WRC Report No:2248/1/18
ISBN No:978-1-4312-0983-5
Authors:Palmer CG; Munnik V
Project No:K5/2248
Organizations:Rhodes University; University of the Witwatersrand
Document Size:3 066 KB
Attachments:SP 116-18 web.pdf
SP 117-18 web.pdf
SP 118-18 web.pdf
SP 119-18 web.pdf
SP 120-18 web.pdf
SP 121-18 web.pdf
SP 122-18 web.pdf
SP 123-18 web.pdf
SP 124-18 web.pdf
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